The opioids are a group of substances alkaloids found in the opium and reduce the activity of the central nervous system. Opium is extracted from the milky exudation that is obtained by cutting a capsule of a type of poppy called fig tree (PalaversomniferousL). The term is also traditionally used to encompass the derivatives of morphine and, by extension, the different compounds, although they do not come from morphine or opium, which act in a similar way to it, paying attention to the same receivers.
Some opiates that are naturally present in opium are morphine, thiamine, hydromorphone (or HM, a drug for severe chronic pain) heroin (illegal drug), methadone (legal drug as drug addiction therapy) and codeine, which is currently used as an analgesic. In general, they are used or used as analgesics or as abusive drugs. Visit https://lighthousetreatment.com/how-long-do-opiates-stay-in-your-system/ for more on this now.
Opioids can be classified according to their effects on minor opioids and opioids. Juveniles are usually designed to be mild analgesics, such as tramadol and codeine. Older opiate, however, such as morphine, can be synthesized or also natural, its analgesic power is stronger, are also narcotic , depress the central nervous system and can be used as a drug or as a drug of abuse Older opioid analgesics occupy the third step in the WHO analgesia scale, while minors occupy the second.
What are the risks of opioid medications (derived from morphine)?
Opioid medications reduce pain. Although they do not usually eliminate it, they improve mobility and the ability to stay active and, therefore, the quality of life. Tramadol, morphine or fentanyl are among the most commonly used.
Opioids, like all medications, can lead to adverse or unwanted effects and addiction, although the risk is low in most people. During the follow-up visits, the doctor will help you find the balance between these effects and the control of pain.
This article aims to inform about the risks associated with the use of opioid medications and to offer recommendations for responsible and safe use. In case of doubts and / or concerns, talk to your healthcare professional of reference.
The most frequent adverse effects commonly experienced by 1 in 4 people are:
- Light headed
- Dry skin or pruritus
- Adverse effects are reduced if dosage increases are done very slowly.
Sometimes, the doctor may recommend that you take a medication for nausea or constipation.
Are there other risks?
The use of opioids involves risks, which can be minimized if you talk with your doctor.You should try to take the medication as agreed with your doctor. If you have any difficulty in doing so, you must comment in order to find a solution.Avoid driving at the start of treatment, when you change the dose or if the medication makes you feel drowsy or stunned.Never take this type of medication from another person or share it with anyone.